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Indian Paintings: A Model Of Indian Tradition & Culture

by in Graphic Design on

Painting has a great history in Indian art. Among the Indian paintings; Rock paintings were the earliest one. Indian painting provides an aesthetic theory that extends from the early civilization till today. Every Indian painting has a reason for its creation.

Forms Of Indian Paintings:

Basically Indian paintings can be classified as Mural paintings & Miniature paintings.

Murals: These are large works designed or executed on the walls of solid structures as in the Ajanta caves.

Miniatures: These are executed on a very small scale on perishable material like paper & cloth. Palas of Bengal were Pioneers of Miniature in India.

A Description On Miniature:

Here below we will discuss about various miniature paintings of India.

* PHULKARI: It means ” flowered works”. This art is practiced by folk women of Punjab. Embroidery on cloth with coloured thread form the main basis of Phulkari.

* KANTHA STITCHING: In Bengal there is a delightful folk tradition of embroidering & quilting known as Kantha. These Kanthas are made of discarded sarees & dhotis which are sewn together to make it thick. These are sewed by coloured threads from the border of old sarees & are sticthed along the border line & the surface is filled with various designs.

* PATTACHITRA: It refers to the folk painting of Odisha. Patta means Vastra or clothing; Chitra means paintings. They are lively fabulous art & portrays the folk tales of inhabitants of  Odisha. It is a world famous tribal painting which is largely finished on a fabric.

* MADHUBANI PAINTINGS: It is a style of painting, practiced i the Mithila region of Bihar. Hindu Gods & mythology are taken as the main themes in this kind of painting. However, the scenes of the royal court & social events like weddings also form a part of this Madhubani painting. In this kind of painting; artists uses leaf, herbs, flowers etc to make the colour which is used to draw paintings.

* NATHDWARA PAINTINGS: Nathdwara painting refers to a painting tradition in Nathdwara town in Rajasthan. These paintings are cloth paintings hug behind the image of Hindu God Shrinathji.

* TANJORE PAINTINGS: It is a major form of classical South Indian painting from Tamil Nadu. These are famous for their surface richness & vivid colours.

A Description On Mural Paintings:

Indian Mural paintings are the paintings made on walls of caves, palaces & temples. Ajanta & Ellora caves hold the world famous Mural painting on them.

The colour material on the Mural paintings in ancient India were derived from the natural materials like terracota, chalk, red ochre etc. figures of human beings, animal hunting, family scenes, court life, deities etc formed the main basis of Mural paintings.

Apart from Ajanta & Ellora caves; the cave of Badami in Karnataka, Sittannavasal in Tamil Nadu, etc also hold these Mural paintings in them. Ladakh is well known for its wall paintings in Achi & Hemis monasteries. The wall paintings of Jaipur, Jodhpur, Bundi etc in Rajasthan are very much convincing. You can find traces of European affinity from the Mural art of Kerala presented over the walls of temples & monuments. The splendid Mural paintings have been viewed in Udayagiri & Khandagiri caves of Odisha. The existence of Murals can be also found from the Hatigumpha inscriptions of the Monarch Kharavela.


This is just a very short note of Indian paintings. In a real sense; India has a vast face all over the world when its Paintings & arts are concerned.

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